Understanding the Anatomy of the Cannabis Plant

The Cannabis Plant - The Hemp Family - Cannabis Sativa

Life on earth relies on plants for sustenance, in the maintenance of health. Without plants, the human race would not have survived as long as it has. The power plants have over other living things, is that plants can make their food. This is known as photosynthesis and is true, so long as they have a source of solar energy, carbon dioxide and water. With a history that dates back thousands of years, the cannabis plant is one of nature’s oldest known medicines. Misunderstood and misrepresented for centuries, the Cannabis plant is being rediscovered globally, in a big way. Clinical studies over the past 20+ years have been accumulated and report evidence of Cannabis and its medicinal prowess. To appreciate the medicinal properties of the cannabis plant, one must take a step back and grasp some basics first.  Learn about the anatomy of the plant, the location of the medical constituents and how they are extracted and prepared pharmaceutically. Understand how Cannabis works within our bodies and the science of the treatment. Prepare to be astounded by the truth about Cannabis.

What is Cannabis – The Anatomy of Cannabis Explained

Cannabis plants can be male, female or both (hermaphrodite)

Growers can ensure the sex of their cannabis plants by growing clones or the genetically identical clippings from a parent strain. Feminized seeds are also made available through a special breeding process.

Female Cannabis Plants

  • Female plants produce large resin- secreting flowers
  • They are trimmed down to round or pointed buds.
  • Sinsemilla – Potent flowers we consume come from seedless female plants.
  • Produces large cannabinoid-rich buds, even without seed.

Male Cannabis Plants

  • Males produce smaller spheres near the base of the leaves.
  • The male plants pollinate the females to initiate seed production

Hermaphroditic Plants

  • Hermaphroditic plants are rare
  • Hermaphrodite cannabis plants contain both female and male sex organs
  • This allows the plant to pollinate itself during flowering.
  • This self-pollination typically spoils the seedless sinsemilla plants and passes on hermaphroditic genes.
The Anatomy of Cannabis Plant - Male and Female Plants

The cannabis plant grows by cell division. Cells make clones of themselves and then proceed to expand in size. The division of these cells occurs rapidly at the top of the cannabis plant. This also applies to the root tips and in the upper part of the side shoots. The division of cells in these areas are continuous and speedy. Newly cloned cells elongate by absorbing water.

The Cannabis Leaf and Photosynthesis

Leaf cells are essential in the role of photosynthesis. The miracle of photosynthesis is such that the cannabis leaves can use light energy, combined with C02 and water to produce sugars (plant food).

To breathe in C02, the cannabis leaves must open microscopic pores located on their underside called “Stomata”. For 1 square inch of the cannabis leaf underside, there may be up to 50,000 stomata. As water is brought up the plant from the roots, the sugary plant food is then sent down for storage. Additional water then leads to more nutrient availability, increasing the plant growth.

Variances in the leaf colour indicate to growers whether there are mineral deficiencies within the plant. Since leaves are unable to repair themselves, they serve as a solid indicator of the plant health.

Pruning the Cannabis Plant

The pruning process removes dead and discoloured leaves from the plant. This is necessary to promote the further production of energy. This process should be kept to a safe daily minimum so that the plant does not suffer shock.

Photosynthesis – Light Energy Conversion

Photosynthesis is a fascinating look into the sophistication of plant growth and its survival. Specialised cells within the leaves called “pigments” perform within this process by absorbing a particular frequency of the light spectrum. It can extract energy by converting the photons to electrons. Most well known “pigments” include Chlorophyll A and Chlorophyll B. Beta-carotene, phytochrome and phycobilin are also very important.

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa

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Cannabis Indica

Cannabis Indica

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Hybrid Plant - Cannabis


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Cannabis Ruderalis

Cannabis Ruderalis

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